The political developments that occurred in East and West Berlin from 1949 until the late 1970's.

Essay by blikUniversity, Master'sA+, January 2005

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When World War II ended in 1945 and Germany was totally defeated by the Allies, the country's capital, Berlin, was divided into two sectors through the construction of the most famous wall ever build. From this division, Berlin was split into the East Berlin and the West Berlin. The reason why this topic was selected has to do with the examination of the political forces that managed to divide a city, and as a result, a whole country which was the reason for engaging the whole world into the most devastating war in the human history.

In order to understand fully how this division occurred, we need first to take a look at the historical background, the events and the conditions that took place from the early 1939 when World War II started, under which this city was split into two and alienated its citizens for more than 45 years.

According to Internet source 1, "when World War II began in 1939, the British and U.S. air forces made Berlin a focus of aerial bombardments because it was the political centre of Germany. Street fighting between the Soviet and German armies at the war's end further damaged the city. By 1945 the war had destroyed about 60 percent of the city. The historic core and government quarter were left partially standing. About 42 percent of the city's 1.5 million houses and apartments were completely devastated, and another 31 percent were damaged. Berlin's population was reduced to about 2.8 million from a pre-war high of about 4.4 million".

We can realize from the above data that Berlin during World War II was the core of the Allied bombardments, since it was considered as the city where the heart of the Nazis was beating. So, if an end had to be given...