National Response Framework and the Disasters that Created it

Essay by g_of_tonguesUniversity, Bachelor'sB+, May 2008

download word file, 7 pages 3.0

Throughout American history there have been disasters of every sort but within recent years two main disasters, though unrelated, have caught and held American attention like no other; the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 and Hurricane Katrina in late August of 2005. Each of these disasters initiated a local, state and federal response that enabled an undertaking of cleanup of the combined efforts of each level of government. Unfortunately, the responses to the different disasters came under harsh criticism by the American people. Due to this criticism, President Bush issued Homeland Security Presidential Directive-5(HSPD-5) and the beginning of the NRF which was put into place March 22nd, 2008.2The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 are a prime example of how at that point in time the United States was not prepared for such an explosive disaster. Local emergency response personnel arrived first on the scene to evaluate and help elevate the chaos that was occurring.

At that time, different operation centers had been established so that numerous firemen could check in and be directed where to start helping with evacuations. Unfortunately, many firemen also showed up off duty, without checking in and without any radio equipment making the fire chiefs who were directing everything unable to have the ability to keep track of everyone that was assisting.

Also the repeater system in the towers was malfunctioning due to the planes crashing into the building so although firemen had their radios, they were unable to call back to the commend central. This was a major problem because the chiefs weren’t able to hear progress updates or give orders and updates to the firemen as to what was happening throughout the Trade Center. They also didn’t have access to local news broadcasters to be kept up on current events for the...