Legacy of Civil War

Essay by suchy23High School, 10th gradeA+, December 2004

download word file, 2 pages 3.0

The American Civil War was a huge turning point in the history of the United States. The war lasted four years, from 1861 to 1865, and was marked by some of the most intense military campaigns in modern history. There were tremendous changes in the U.S. politically, economically, technologically, and socially. The people from both the confederacy and the union paid a high price in the form of both money and human life.

Because of the Civil War, the United States went through major political changes. When federal policies angered them, the south would use the threat of secession. After the war though, the federal government gained supreme national authority and no state ever threatened secession again. The war also increased the federal governments power. They taxed private incomes, made men fight in the war, and made everyone accept paper currency. After the war, U.S. citizens could no longer assume the national government was to far away to bother them.

The Civil War had an enormous impact on the nation's economy. The government passed the National Bank Act of 1863. This set up a system of federally chartered banks. It also set requirements for loans and provided for banks to be inspected, this made banking safer for investors. While some businesses flourished during the war, others went way downhill. The cotton industry declined 74% where as the firearm industry blossomed. The governments purchase of vast amounts of wartime supplies gave industrialists all kinds or opportunities. Northern economy thrived. They produced more coal, iron and merchant ships, and other products then the entire country had in 1860. The South on the other hand did terrible. The war wrecked most of the regions industry and wiped out 40% of the livestock. As for the number of casualties, approximately 360,000 union soldiers...