The Great migration of African Americans from the South to the North in the 1910s

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Deborah Senouvor

2nd Hour

Ms. Bentley Smith

Am. History Gt

Throughout the early 1900s, the South became known for African Americans like

Margaret walker as a "sorrow home". Life was not easy for them. More than two thirds of

African Americans were sharecropping farmers who paid the landowners a part of their

crops in exchange for rent of their land. Jobs were also scarce and low-paying. Some

factories were simply closed to them and they were often the last ones to be hired and the

first ones to be fired. African American women had to work as household help for whites

at wages that kept them rapped in poverty. Some fell deeper and deeper in debt to

landlords, landowners and store owners. Schools were few and poor so many of their

children were taught at home.

The hope that the conditions would be better in the North led many African

Americans to pack up their bags, eager to take advantage of northern opportunities

and leave behind the poverty and discrimination of the Jim Crow South.

But they did not

know that their action would change for ever both the lives of the immigrants and the

history of race relations in the world. The Great Migration was the migration of

thousands of African-Americans from the South to the North. African Americans were

looking to escape the problems of racism in the South and felt they could seek out better

jobs and an overall better life in the North. It is estimated that over 1 million African-

Americans participated in this mass movement. The Great Migration created the first

large, urban black communities in the North. The North saw its black population rise

about 20 percent between 1910 and 1930. Cities such as Chicago, Detroit, New York, and

Cleveland saw some of...