20th Century Arts and Artist Paper

Essay by cscottx0University, Bachelor'sA+, July 2009

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Many notable artists helped define the 20th century. After World War I and World War II, there was a period of uncertainty in the world. The development of new techniques and new modes of expression influenced all the arts. Most of the artists that defined the 20th century were revolutionist and free thinkers for their times. Most forms of art were a reaction against something or a celebration of postwar activities. Artist such as architect Frank Lloyd Wright, composer Igor Stravinsky, poet Langston Hughes, artist Pablo Picasso and dancer Isadora Duncan were very important in changing the way people thought art should be.

Frank Lloyd Wright was one of the American architects who help define the 20th century. His legacy is an architectural style that departed from European influences to create an American form. Wright advocated organic architecture which promoted harmony between human habitation and surrounding nature. Wright believed in creating a complete environment, he carried his designs throughout the interior of the homes he designed, which included stained glass, fabrics, furniture, carpets and accessories.

Wright was most famous for his prairie style houses that were characterized by low, horizontal lines that were meant to blend in with the landscape around them. Not only was he an architect, he was also an educator and interior designer. Wright was called America's most creative and innovative architect (1998). Wright's career spanned 70 years.

The Rite of Spring by Igor Stravinsky launched the beginning of modern music (Glass, 1998). Igor Stravinsky was born in 1882 in Oranienbaum, Russia. Over the years, Stravinsky experimented with every technique of 20th century music, his greatest stylistic development was due to 12-tone serialism which he studied and developed. He was considered a musical revolutionary (Glass, 1998). The Rite of Spring caused a riot in the theater...